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Thứ Bảy, 4 tháng 3, 2017

Bảng 219 ngữ pháp N1 với nghĩa tiếng Anh

Danh sách ngữ pháp luyện thi JLPT N1 2017
1. あえて (aete): dare to 2. あくまでも (akumade mo): to the end, to the utmost degree 3. 案の定 (an no jou): just as one thought 4. あらかじめ (arakajime): beforehand, in advance
5. あっての (atte no): to owe everything to 6. 場合によっては (baai ni yotte wa): depending on the situation 7. ばこそ (ba koso): only because 8. ばそれまでだ (ba sore made da): if… then it’s over
9. べからず (bekarazu): must not, should not 10. べく (beku): in order to, should 11. べくもない (beku mo nai): can’t 12. びる (biru): seeming to be
13. ぶり (buri): style, manner 14. ぶる (buru): behaving like 15. だに (dani): even 16. だの~だの (dano~dano): and, and so forth
17. であれ~であれ (de are~de are): whether A or B 18. であれ/であろうと (de aru/de arou to): whoever/whatever/however 19. でも何でもない (demo nan demo nai): not in the least 20. でなくてなんだろう (denakute nan darou): must be, is definitely
21. (で)すら (de sura): even 22. ではあるまいか (dewa aru mai ka): I wonder if it’s not 23. ではあるまいし (dewa aru mai shi): it’s not like, it isn’t as if 24. ではすまない (dewa sumanai): it doesn’t end with just
25. どうにも~ない (dou nimo~nai): not … by any means 26. ふと (futo): accidentally, unexpectedly 27. がてら (gatera): on the same occasion 28. が早いか (ga hayai ka): as soon as
29. が最後 (ga saigo): once something occurs, something else happens 30. ごとき/ごとく (gotoki/gotoku): like, as if 31. ぐるみ (gurumi): together with 32. 羽目になる (hame ni naru): to end up with (something unpleasant)
33. ひとつ (hitotsu): to give something a try 34. ほどのことはない (hodo no koto wa nai): not worth, no need to 35. ほかに~ない (hoka ni~nai): no other 36. ほうがましだ (hou ga mashi da): I would rather
37. いかなる (ikanaru): any kind of 38. いかんでは/いかんによっては (ikan dewa/ikan ni yotte wa): depending on 39. いかんによらず (ikan ni yorazu): regardless of 40. いかに (ikani): how
41. いかにも (ikanimo): indeed, really 42. いまだに (ima da ni): still, even now 43. いずれにせよ (izure nise yo): at any rate, in any case 44. じみた (jimita): to look like
45. 限りだ (kagiri da): I feel so 46. かいもなく (kai mo naku): even though 47. か否か (ka ina ka): whether or not 48. 可能性がある (kanousei ga aru): there’s a possibility
49. からある (kara aru): as much as, as many as 50. かれ~かれ (kare~kare): or 51. かたがた (katagata): while, for the purpose of 52. かたわら (katawara): while, at the same time
53. かつて (katsute): once, before 54. 嫌いがある (kirai ga aru): to have a tendency to 55. きっての (kitte no): the most … of all 56. きりがない (kiri ga nai): there’s no end to
57. 極まる/極まりない (kiwamaru/kiwamarinai): extremely 58. 極めて (kiwamete): extremely, exceedingly 59. ことだし (koto dashi): because, since 60. ことごとく (koto gotoku): altogether, entirely
61. ことなしに (koto nashi ni): without doing something 62. ことのないよう (koto no nai you): so as not to 63. こととて (kototote): because, since 64. くらいなら (kurai nara): rather than
65. くらいのものだ (kurai no mono da): only 66. までだ (made da): only 67. までもない (made mo nai): it’s not necessary to 68. まじき (majiki): should not, must not
69. ままに (mama ni): to do as 70. まみれ (mamire): to be covered in 71. まるっきり (marukkiri): totally, completely 72. めく (meku): to show signs of
73. もはや (mohaya): already, no longer 74. も顧みず/を顧みず (mo kaerimizu/o kaerimizu): regardless of, despite 75. もしないで (mo shinaide): without even doing 76. もので (mono de): because, for that reason
77. ものを (mono o): I wish, if only 78. ものと思われる (mono to omowareru): to think, to suppose 79. ものとして (mono toshite): to assume, to suppose 80. もさることながら (mo saru koto nagara): not only… but also
81. もしくは (moshikuwa): or, otherwise 82. ながらに/ながらの (nagara ni/nagara no): while, during 83. ないではおかない/ずにはおかない (nai dewa okanai/zu niwa okanai): will definitely, cannot not 84. ないではすまない/ずにはすまない (nai dewa sumanai/zu niwa sumanai): must
85. ないまでも (nai made mo): even if something isn’t done 86. ないものか (nai mono ka): can’t we…?, can’t I…? 87. ないものでもない (nai mono demo nai): (something) is not entirely impossible 88. ないとも限らない (nai tomo kagiranai): might
89. なくして (nakushite): without 90. 何しろ (nani shiro): in any case, as you know 91. なしに (nashi ni): without 92. ならでは (nara dewa): uniquely applying to
93. ならいざしらず (nara iza shirazu): I don’t know about A, but B 94. なり (nari): as soon as 95. なり~なり (nari~nari): or 96. なりに/なりの (nari ni/nari no): in one’s own way or style
97. なりとも (naritomo): even a little, at least 98. なるべく (narubeku): as much as possible 99. に値する (ni atai suru): to be worth, to deserve 100. にあたらない (ni ataranai): it’s not worth, there’s no need to
101. にあって (ni atte): at, during, in the condition of 102. にひきかえ (ni hikikae): in contrast to 103. に至るまで (ni itaru made): until, as far as 104. に至っては (ni itatte wa): as for, when it comes to
105. に言わせれば (ni iwasereba): if you ask, if one may say 106. にかかっている (ni kakatte iru): to depend on 107. にかたくない (ni katakunai): it’s not hard to 108. にまつわる (ni matsuwaru): to be related to
109. にもほどがある (nimo hodo ga aru): to have a limit, to go too far 110. にもまして (ni momashite): more than, above 111. に則って (ni nottotte): in accordance with 112. に先駆けて (ni saki gakete): to be the first
113. にしたって (ni shitatte): even, even if 114. にして (ni shite): only, in (time span) 115. に即して (ni sokushite): in keeping with 116. にたえる/にたえない (ni taeru/ni taenai): can/can’t do something
117. に足る/に足りる (ni taru/ni tariru): to be enough, to be worthy of 118. に足りない (ni tarinai): to be not worth 119. に照らして (ni terashite): in comparison with, according to 120. にとどまらず (ni todomarazu): not limited to
121. には及ばない (niwa oyobanai): there’s no need to 122. によらず (ni yorazu): regardless of 123. んばかりに (n bakari ni): as if, as though 124. んがため (n ga tame): in order to
125. の至り (no itari): utmost 126. の極み (no kiwami): utmost 127. のみか (nomika): not only… but also 128. のなんのって (no nan no tte): extremely
129. を踏まえて (o fumaete): based on 130. を経て (o hete): through, after, via 131. をいいことに (o ii koto ni): to take advantage of 132. を限りに (o kagiri ni): starting from
133. を兼ねて (o kanete): also for the purpose of 134. を皮切りに (o kawakiri ni): starting with 135. を機に (o ki ni): as an opportunity to 136. を禁じえない (o kinjienai): can’t help but
137. をものともせず (o monotomo sezu): in defiance of 138. をもって (o motte) – 1: by means of 139. をもって (o motte) – 2: at the time 140. をおいて (o oite): other than, without
141. を余儀なくされる (o yogi naku sareru): to be forced to do something 142. をよそに (o yoso ni): despite 143. 思いをする (omoi o suru): to feel 144. 折に (ori ni): when, on the occasion
145. およそ (oyoso): totally, (not) at all 146. さもないと (samonaito): otherwise, else, if not so 147. さぞ (sazo): I’m sure, I’m certain 148. 始末だ (shimatsu da): end up, in the end
149. そばから (soba kara): as soon as 150. さも (samo): truly, really 151. それなりに (sore nari ni): as it is, in its own way 152. そうにもない (sou nimo nai): impossible, unlikely
153. ただ~のみだ (tada~nomi da): can do nothing but 154. た拍子に (ta hyoushi ni): the instant 155. ためしがない (tameshi ga nai): (something) is never the case 156. たりとも (taritomo): (not) even, (not) any
157. た瞬間に (ta shunkan ni): the moment 158. てっきり (tekkiri): surely, certainly 159. てからというもの (te kara to iu mono): after, since 160. てかなわない (te kanawanai): can’t stand, unable to
161. てまで (te made): even 162. てみせる (te miseru): I’ll definitely 163. てもどうにもならない (temo dou nimo naranai): it’s no use 164. ても始まらない (temo hajimaranai): it’s no use
165. ても差し支えない (temo sashitsukaenai): can, it’s okay if 166. てしかるべきだ (te shikaru beki da): should 167. ってば (tteba): I said, I told you to 168. てやまない (te yamanai): always, never stop
169. と相まって (to aimatte): together with 170. とあれば (to areba): if, if it’s the case that 171. とあって (to atte): because of 172. とばかりに (to bakari ni): as if, as though
173. といえども (to ie domo): even, even if 174. といい~といい (to ii~to ii): and, or 175. といったらない (to ittara nai): very, extremely 176. という (to iu): all, every
177. というか (to iu ka): or, or more precisely 178. というか~というか (to iu ka~to iu ka): (I’m not sure if it’s) A or B 179. というところだ/といったところだ (to iu tokoro da/to itta tokoro da): approximately, about 180. というもの (to iu mono): during a period of time
181. というわけだ (to iu wake da): this means 182. というわけではない (to iu wake dewa nai): it’s not that, it doesn’t mean that 183. といわず (to iwazu): not just, both 184. ときたら (tokitara): when it comes to, concerning
185. ときている (to kite iru): because 186. ところがある (tokoro ga aru): there is 187. ところから (tokoro kara): from the fact that 188. とみられる (to mirareru): to be regarded as, to be expected to
189. とみるや (to miru ya): at the sight of, upon seeing 190. ともなく (tomonaku): to do something without thinking about it 191. ともなると/ともなれば (tomo naru to/tomo nareba): when, once (something happens) 192. ともすれば (tomo sureba): apt to, prone to
193. と思いきや (to omoikiya): I thought 194. とりわけ (toriwake): especially 195. とされる (to sareru): is considered 196. とっさに (tossa ni): at once, right away
197. としたって/としたところで (to shitatte/to shita tokoro de): even if 198. として~ない (toshite~nai): not even one 199. とて (tote): even if, even though 200. とても~ない (totemo~nai): cannot possibly
201. とは (towa): (indicates word or phrase being defined) 202. とはいえ (towaie): nonetheless, although 203. とはいうものの (towa iu mono no): having said that, be that as it may 204. つ~つ (tsu~tsu): (indicates two contrasting actions)
205. はおろか (wa oroka): let alone, not to mention 206. はさておき (wa sateoki): setting aside 207. や否や (ya ina ya): the moment that, as soon as 208. やしない (yashinai): not (emphatic negative)
209. (よ)うが/(よ)うと (you ga/you to): no matter how/what 210. (よ)うが~まいが/(よ)うと~まいと (you ga~mai ga/you to~mai to): whether or not 211. (よ)うか~まいか (you ka~mai ka): whether or not 212. (よ)うものなら (you mono nara): if one chooses to
213. (よ)うにも~ない (you nimo~nai): even if one tries to do something, it can’t be done 214. ようによっては (you ni yotte wa): depending on 215. ゆえに (yue ni): therefore, consequently 216. ざる (zaru): not, -un
217. ずじまい (zu jimai): never 218. ずくめ (zukume): entirely, completely 219. ずとも (zu tomo): even without doing
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