Thứ Bảy, 4 tháng 3, 2017

Bảng 99 ngữ pháp N4 với nghĩa tiếng Anh

Danh sách ngữ pháp luyện thi JLPT N4 2017
1. あまり~ない (amari~nai): not very, not much 2. あとで (ato de): after, later 3. ば (ba): if… then 4. 場合は (baai wa): in the event of
5. だけで (dake de): just by 6. だす (dasu): to suddenly begin, to suddenly appear 7. でも (demo): or something 8. でございます (de gozaimasu): to be (honorific)
9. がる (garu): to show signs of, to feel, to think 10. がする (ga suru): smell, hear, taste 11. ごろ (goro): around, about 12. ございます (gozaimasu): to be, to exist (honorific)
13. はじめる (hajimeru): to start, to begin to 14. はずがない (hazu ga nai): cannot be 15. ひつよう (hitsuyou): need, necessary 16. ひつようがある (hitsuyou ga aru): it is necessary to
17. ほしい (hoshii): to want something, to be in need of 18. いらっしゃる (irassharu): to be, to come, to go 19. いたす (itasu): to do (honorific) 20. じゃないか (janai ka): isn’t it
21. かどうか (ka dou ka): whether or not 22. かい (kai): (turns a sentence into a yes/no question) 23. かもしれない (kamoshirenai): might, maybe 24. かた (kata): how to
25. かしら (kashira): I wonder 26. ことができる (koto ga dekiru): can, be able to 27. までに (made ni): by, by the time 28. みたい (mitai): like, similar to, resembling
29. など (nado): such as, things like 30. ながら (nagara): while, during, as 31. ないで (naide): without doing, don’t 32. なければいけない/なければならない (nakereba ikenai/nakereba naranai): must do, have to do
33. なくてはいけない/なくてはならない (nakutewa ikenai/nakutewa naranai): must do, have to do 34. なくてもいい (nakute mo ii): don’t have to 35. なら (nara): if, in case, as for 36. なさい (nasai): (command/order somebody to do something)
37. なさる (nasaru): to do (honorific) 38. に気がつく (ni ki ga tsuku): to notice, to realize 39. にくい (nikui): difficult to, hard to 40. にみえる (ni mieru): to look, to seem, to appear
41. のなかで (no naka de): in, among 42. のに(noni) – 1: in order to 43. のに (noni) – 2: although, in spite of, even though 44. のように / のような (no you ni/no you na): like, similar to
45. お~ください (o~kudasai): please do (honorific) 46. お~になる (o~ni naru): to do (honorific) 47. おきに (oki ni): repeated at intervals, every 48. おわる (owaru): to finish, to end
49. られる (rareru) – 1: to be able to do something 50. られる (rareru) – 2: (passive voice) 51. らしい (rashii): seems like 52. さ (sa): (nominalizer for adjectives)
53. させる (saseru): to make/let somebody do something 54. させられる (saserareru): to be made to do something 55. さすが (sasuga): as one would expect 56. し~し (shi~shi): and
57. しか~ない (shika~nai): there’s only 58. そんなに (sonna ni): so, so much, like that 59. それでも (sore demo): but still, and yet 60. そうだ (sou da): it looks to me, I heard that
61. たばかり (ta bakari): just did, something just happaned 62. たがる (tagaru): to want to 63. たら (tara): if, after, when 64. たらどう (tara dou): why don’t you
65. たり~たり (tari~tari): do such things like 66. たところ (ta tokoro): just finished doing, was just doing 67. てあげる (te ageru): to do something for someone 68. てほしい (te hoshii): I need you to
69. ていく (te iku): to go on, to start 70. ているところ (teiru tokoro): in the process of doing 71. ていただけませんか (te itadakemasen ka): could you please 72. てくれる (te kureru): to do something for someone
73. てくる (te kuru): to come to, to become, to continue 74. てみる (te miru): to try to 75. ても (temo): even if, even though 76. てもらう (te morau): to get somebody to do something
77. ておく (te oku): to do something in advance 78. てしまう (te shimau): to do something by accident, to finish completely 79. てすみません (te sumimasen): I’m sorry for 80. てよかった (te yokatta): I’m glad that
81. と~と、どちらが (to~to, dochira ga): which one 82. ということ (to iu koto): (changes a sentence or phrase into a Noun) 83. といってもいい (to itte mo ii): you could say, you might say 84. といわれている (to iwarete iru): it is said that
85. とか~とか (toka ~ toka): among other things, such as 86. とき (toki): when, at the time 87. ときいた (to kiita): I heard that 88. ところ (tokoro): about to, on the verge of
89. とみえる (to mieru): it seems that 90. とおもう (to omou): I think, you think 91. つづける (tsuzukeru): to continue 92. やすい (yasui): easy to, likely to
93. より (yori): than 94. よていだ (yotei da): plan to, intend to 95. ようだ (you da): it seems that, it appears that, it looks like 96. ようになる (you ni naru): to reach the point that
97. ようにする (you ni suru): to try to, to make sure that 98. ようとおもう (you to omou): I think I will 99. ぜんぜん (zenzen): (not) at all .
Nguồn: japanesetest4you

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