Thứ Bảy, 4 tháng 3, 2017

Bảng 121 ngữ pháp N3 với nghĩa tiếng Anh

Danh sách ngữ pháp luyện thi JLPT N3 2017
1. あまり (amari): too much 2. ば~ほど (ba ~ hodo): the more… the more 3. ばいい (ba ii): should, can, it’d be good if 4. ばかり (bakari): only, nothing but
5. ばかりだ (bakari da): continue to 6. ばかりでなく (bakari denaku): not only… but also, as well as 7. ばかりに (bakari ni): because, on account of 8. ばよかった (ba yokatta): should have, it would have been better if
9. べき (beki): must do, should do 10. べきではない (beki dewa nai): must not do, should not do 11. べつに~ない (betsu ni ~ nai): not really, not particularly 12. だらけ (darake): covered all over in, full of
13. どころか (dokoro ka): far from, anything but 14. どんなに~ても (donna ni ~ temo): no matter how 15. ふりをする (furi o suru): to pretend, to act as if 16. がち (gachi): apt to do, tend to do
17. がたい (gatai): hard to, difficult to 18. ぎみ (gimi): -like, -looking 19. はずだ (hazu da): it must be, it should be 20. ほど (hodo): the more, to the extent that, so much… that
21. ほど~ない (hodo ~ nai): is not as… as 22. いくら~ても (ikura ~ temo): no matter how 23. 一方だ (ippou da): more and more, continue to 24. 一方で (ippou de): on one hand, on the other hand
25. かけ (kake): half-, not yet finished 26. から言うと (kara iu to): in terms of, from the point of view of 27. 代わりに (kawari ni): instead of, in exchange for 28. っけ (kke): what is… again?
29. 決して~ない (kesshite ~ nai): never, by no means 30. 切る (kiru): to do something completely to the end 31. 切れない (kirenai): being too much to finish or complete 32. きり (kiri): only, just
33. こそ (koso): for sure (emphasize preceding word) 34. こと (koto): (must) do 35. ことだ (koto da): should 36. ことがある (koto ga aru): there are times when
37. ことか (koto ka): how…! what…! 38. ことから (koto kara): from the fact that 39. ことに (koto ni): unusually, especially 40. ことになる (koto ni naru): it has been decided that
41. ことにする (koto ni suru): to decide on 42. ことはない (koto wa nai): there is no need to, never happens 43. くらい (kurai): to the extent that, so… that 44. くせに (kuse ni): even though, and yet, despite
45. まま (mama): as it is 46. まるで (maru de): as if, as though 47. めったに~ない (metta ni ~ nai): hardly, rarely, seldom 48. もの (mono): because (indicate reason or excuse)
49. ものだ (mono da): used to do something, should do something 50. もしかしたら (moshikashitara): perhaps, maybe 51. 向き (muki): suitable for 52. 向け(muke): intended for, aimed at
53. ながらも (nagara mo): but, although, despite 54. ないことはない (nai koto wa nai): can, is not impossible 55. なんか / なんて (nanka / nante): such as, things like 56. なぜなら (nazenara): because, the reason is
57. んだって (ndatte): I heard that 58. に違いない(ni chigai nai): I’m sure, no doubt that 59. にかけて (ni kakete): over (a period), through, concerning 60. に関する / に関して (ni kansu ru / ni kanshite): related to
61. にかわって (ni kawatte): in stead of, on behalf of 62. に比べて (ni kurabete): compared to 63. において/ における (ni oite / ni okeru): in, on, at, as for, regarding 64. にしては (ni shite wa): for, considering it’s
65. にしても (ni shite mo): even if 66. に対して (ni taishite): in contrast to, while, in regard to 67. にとって (ni totte): to, for, concerning 68. について (ni tsuite): concerning, regarding
69. につれて (ni tsurete): as… then 70. によると / によれば (ni yoru to / ni yoreba): according to 71. によって / による (ni yotte / ni yoru): by means of, due to 72. の間に (no aida ni): while, during
73. をはじめ (o hajime): for example, starting with 74. おかげで (okage de): thanks to, because of 75. っぱなし (ppanashi): leaving something on, leaving something still in use 76. っぽい (ppoi): -ish, -like
77. さえ (sae): even 78. さえ~ば (sae ~ ba): if only… then 79. 最中に (saichuu ni): in the middle of 80. せいで (sei de): because of
81. 次第 (shidai): as soon as, dependent upon 82. しかない (shika nai): have no choice but 83. その結果 (sono kekka): as a result 84. そうもない (sou mo nai): very unlikely to
85. たびに (tabi ni): each time, everytime, whenever 86. ために (tame ni) 1: for, for the sake of, in order to 87. ために (tame ni) 2: because of, as a result of 88. たらいい/といい (tara ii / to ii): it would be nice if, should, I hope
89. たとえ~ても (tatoe ~ temo): even if… is the case 90. たとたん (ta totan): just (now, at the moment), as soon as 91. てごらん (te goran): (please) try to, (please) look 92. てはじめて (te hajimete): not until, only after… did I
93. てもかまわない (temo kamawanai): it doesn’t matter if 94. といっても (to itte mo): although I say, although one might say 95. という (to iu): called, named, as much as 96. ということだ (to iu koto da): I’ve heard that, rumour has it that
97. というのは (to iu nowa): means, is, because 98. というと (to iu to): speaking of, if it were the case that 99. というより (to iu yori): rather than 100. ところで (tokoro de): by the way
101. ところが (tokoro ga): even so, however, even though 102. とおり (toori): in the way, the same as 103. としたら / とすれば (to shitara / to sureba): if it were the case that, if we assume 104. として (to shite): as (i.e. in the role of)
105. とは限らない (towa kagiranai): not necessarily so, is not always true 106. ついでに (tsuide ni): while you are at it, on the occasion 107. つまり (tsumari): in other words; that is to say 108. と共に (to tomo ni): together with
109. うちに (uchi ni): while, before, doing 110. 上で (ue de): after 111. わけだ (wake da): for that reason, no wonder, as you’d expect 112. わけではない (wake dewa nai): it doesn’t mean that, it is not the case
113. わけがない (wake ga nai): there is no way that 114. わけにはいかない (wake niwa ikanai): must not, can’t afford to 115. わりに (wari ni): although, rather, unexpectedly 116. ような気がする (you na ki ga suru): have a feeling that, think that
117. ように (you ni): in order to, so that 118. ようとする (you to suru): try to, be about to 119. ようとしない (you to shinai): not try to, not make an effort to 120. ずに (zuni): without doing
121. ずにはいられない (zu niwa irarenai): can’t help but feel, can’t help but do . .
Nguồn: japanesetest4you

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